The GLOBIOM model, developed at IIASA, is used to analyse the competition for land use between agriculture, forestry, and bioenergy, which are the main land-based production sectors. As such, the model can provide scientists and policymakers with the means to assess, on a global basis, the rational production of food, forest fiber, and bioenergy, all of which contribute to human welfare.
GLOBIOM is based on a set of biophysical models for each of its main sectors (crops, livestock, forest) a pixel resolution level. This ensures a particular robustness in the characterization of land cover and production activities. The agro-economic dataset is fully consistent with EUROSTAT for the EU and FAOSTAT for the rest of the world. The model is partial equilibrium and presents all the economic responses usually found on agricultural markets and key to characterize effects associated to biofuel consumption increase: (i) increase in land expansion in the EU and abroad to produce the additional feedstock; (ii) intensification through change in technology and management practices in the same land (iii) off-setting of some part of the extra production required through substitution of co-products with animal feed; (iv) food and feed consumption change in reaction to price adjustment. The comprehensive coverage of sectors, the flexibility of the bottom-up design and the experience already accumulated on evaluation of land use change in many other exercises will ensure the delivery of consistent results with respect to the mechanisms at play, as well as in depth analysis of the uncertainty dimension.
For other applications with GLOBIOM, please visit www.globiom.org.